A debrief on Artificial Intelligence by Arpita Naidu

Artificial intelligence, as the word sounds, is the intelligence created artificially when the machines are made to behave like humans, in terms of intelligence. Machines, if inserted with the commands of intelligence would give 100 percent result, as they are efficient. The human brain may or may not be capable of the same because it depends upon the working of the brain at that time.

Artificial intelligence was born in 1950. John McCarthy coined the term artificial intelligence for the first time, therefore regarded as the father of AI. Artificial intelligence is based on the principle that human intelligence can be defined in a way that a machine can easily mimic it and execute tasks, from the most simple to those that are even more complex.

Artificial intelligence can be divided into two different categories: weak and strong. Weak AI embodies a system designed to carry out one particular job. Weak AI systems include video games such as the chess example from above and personal assistants such as Amazon's Alexa and Apple's Siri. You ask the assistant a question, it answers it for you. Strong AI systems are systems that carry on the tasks considered to be human-like. These tend to be more complex and complicated systems. They are programmed to handle situations in which they may be required to problem solve without having a person intervene. These kinds of systems can be found in applications like self-driving cars or in hospital operating rooms.

The applications for artificial intelligence are endless. The technology can be applied to many different sectors and industries and in our daily life. One of the most popular daily life application is the Google search engine. . Other examples of machines with artificial intelligence include computers that play chess and self-driving cars. Artificial intelligence is also very useful in computer science and IT-sectors. The work of AI programmers behind navigation apps like Google Maps and Waze never ends. AI is being tested and used in the healthcare industry for dosing drugs and different treatment in patients, and for surgical procedures in the operating room. Artificial intelligence also has applications in the financial industry, where it is used to detect and flag activity in banking and finance such as unusual debit card usage and large account deposits—all of which help a bank's fraud department. Also, Artificial Intelligence is used in Fraud detection problems by implementing Machine Learning algorithms. Similarly, AI has many other applications.

Technologies are advancing day by day. They are proving it to be a blessing for mankind. They make the work easier, further helping to resolve a problem in a human way. Every technology has its both positive as well as negative impacts and so artificial intelligence too. Lastly, AI is helping humans to become more productive, it has its importance in different industries and research sectors but can be a curse if used up in the wrong way and can become a threat to mankind.

Reference :https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificial-intelligence-ai.asp