In celebration of Indian constitution day By Aarnav and Sriman Chandraganti, Texas
The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. The constitution was created by the Constituent Assembly of India and became effective on January 26, 1950 (celebrated annually as The Republic Day). It is considered the world’s longest constitution for any independent country in the world. It has 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules, with about 145,000 words, and took two years, eleven months and seventeen days to draft.
The Constitution of India was influenced by features from the constitutions of many countries including the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Britain, Canada, Australia, Germany, Soviet Union, France, South Africa, Japan, and other minor contributors. The predominant purpose of the Indian Constitution is to declare India a ‘Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic’. It means that India is independent from any other countries, that its government is responsible to provide justice, equality, and liberty to its citizens, that all religions should be treated equally with respect, and that India is officially a Democratic state and its own Republic.
The Constitution itself is quite powerful as it creates a framework for governing the country and has checks and balances to ensure that power is not abused. Even the parliament’s powers are limited by it. However, the Parliament can still amend any part of the Constitution, without affecting the basic structure and rules of it. Since 1951, it has been amended over 100 times to adapt it to the changing times. In all, the Constitution of India is a powerful, influential, and evolving document that is the supreme law of India.