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Deep dive into Quantum Computing by Sriya Godavarthi

Quantum computing is a rapidly emerging technology that revolves around the principles of quantum mechanics. The future goal of quantum computing is to allow quantum computers to make intractable problems easy to solve. Unlike classical computers that process data using 1s and 0s – on or off, up or down – called a bit, quantum computers follow a different variation - qubit. This is done using the quantum state of an object. The states are unknown properties of an object before they have been observed. There are many tasks that quantum computing can execute more efficiently, such as processing languages, predicting weather, protecting data, working through AI, and optimizing traffic.

Natural language processing (NLP) struggles with decoding certain parts of basic sentences and understanding what these sentences mean. Surprisingly, quantum natural language processing (QNLP) has experimentally shown that sentences can be processed within certain parameters. NLP has difficulty with decoded words within sentences. However, QNLP can embed the grammatical structure of a sentence into a quantum circuit, making it easy to process and decode sentences.

In many cases, unprotected and sensitive data can be deciphered by hackers because of the current algorithms used by classical computers. Quantum computers can keep hackers away from breaking through these algorithms. Unlike weather forecasters, quantum computers can predict the weather with higher accuracy. Quantum computers analyze large amounts of relevant data at once, which allows them to provide accurate responses. The way quantum computers predict the weather promotes other factors, including preparing for natural disasters and supporting climate change and global warming research.

Quantum computing works with AI and vice versa. AI can go as far as identifying a photo, but quantum computing can help identify subtle differences between multiple images of similar objects. It can speed up the development of a drug. It takes many years to produce a drug and quantum computers can help ease this problem. This will promote the cure to many diseases that are yet to have one. Quantum computing can be used to optimize traffic. It can recognize routes and direct drivers more efficiently and accurately than the basic GPS can. For example, Volkswagen launched a traffic optimizing pilot project that used QC. The algorithm used in these cars provides the fastest routes for every individual vehicle.